dos GEOLOGICAL Mode
Neither Parker ainsi que al. ( 2005 ) nor Have a look ainsi que al. ( 2005 ) experimented with good phylogenetic studies off R. callenderi in accordance with the this new skeletal situation. not, each other organizations indexed multiple options that come with the brand new hindlimb that were unambiguous synapomorphies off Pseudosuchia. Parker mais aussi al. ( 2005 ) hypothesized a possible sibling-classification connection with aetosaurs, listing the fresh morphological similarities of one’s squamosal and paramedian osteoderms. An identical position is actually suggested because of the Check ainsi que al. ( 2005 ) centered on unspecified character states of the tarsus as well as the osteoderms. Brusatte et al. ( 2010 ) incorporated R. callenderi within their data out of very early archosaur matchmaking, coding on the wrote rates and you will descriptions of Parker et al. ( 2005 ) and you may Check et al. ( 2005 ). You to research recovered R. callenderi because cousin taxon on the early-diverging suchian clade Ornithosuchidae. ( 2011 ) retrieved R. callenderi during the a properly-supported status since the sis taxon so you can aetosaurs, an outcome supported by newer training (age.grams., Butler mais aussi al., 2014 ; ; Nesbitt & Butler, 2013 ; Nesbitt et al., 2014 ; Nesbitt et al., 2020 ; Nesbitt, Stocker, ainsi que al., 2018 ).
Which contribution fully means the newest osteology out of R. callenderi considering no less than 12 some body (predicated on femora amount) off PEFO also around three really-kept associated partial skeletons gathered anywhere between 2005 and you may 2015, brings osteohistological perspective, and discusses brand new taxon’s strengths to own expertise early suchian evolution.
2.step one Stratigraphic standing
That it malfunction from Roentgen. callenderi are mainly based on procedure out of several localities throughout the Chinle Development away from Petrified Tree National Playground (PEFO), Arizona, All of us (Figure step one; pick Logical Paleontology). The top Triassic black singles indir Chinle Formation in this field constitutes predominantly fluvial and you may floodplain strata out-of changing claystones, siltstones, sandstones, and you may conglomerates (Billingsley, 1985 ; Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ; ). The brand new Chinle Formation in the Petrified Forest Federal Playground urban area conserves well-understood traditional assemblages regarding vegetation (palynomorphs, will leave, wood), invertebrates, and you can vertebrates (e.grams., Ash, 2005 ; Baranyi et al., 2018 ; An effective, 1998 ; Irmis, 2005 ; Litwin, Navigate, & Ash, 1991 ; Parker, 2005b , 2006 ; Reichgelt et al., 2013 ). Extremely non-dentigerous and you can non-osteoderm specimens away from Roentgen. callenderi out-of PEFO, as well as the individuals revealed right here, have been found instantly more than Decorated Wasteland Sandstone step 3 (sensu Billingsley, 1985 ; Lithodendron Tidy Sleep sensu Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ) between a portion of the Petrified Forest Affiliate (sensu Woody, 2006 ) of your own higher the main Chinle Development (Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ; Irmis, 2005 ; Padian, 1990 ; Parker, 2005b , 2006 ; Parker et al., 2005 ; Parker & ). Separated white teeth regarding Roentgen. callenderi were recovered out of microvertebrate assemblages out-of low in the Chinle Formation at PEFO, extending the stratigraphic listing of that it taxon to your Sonsela User and you can highest Bluish Mesa Affiliate (see Clinical Paleontology).
The three head localities you to definitely produced the fresh new specimens away from Roentgen. callenderi demonstrated here (Studies S1) could be the Revueltosaurus Quarry (PFV 297), Revueltosaurus Quarry SW (PFV 414), as well as the Offering Webpages (PFV 231). The web sites occur as the paleosols in a stacked fluvial sequence for the the midst of the latest Petrified Tree Affiliate (Atchley mais aussi al., 2013 ; Loughney et al., 2011 ; Parker ainsi que al., 2005 ; Parker & ). PFV 297 and you will PFV 414 is actually split spatially of the 20 yards and they are subsequently on two hundred m towards the southern part of from PFV 231 (Profile 1a). Decorated Wilderness Sandstone step three, and that immediately underlies all three localities, try stratigraphically
40–fifty yards above the base of the Petrified Forest Associate (Contour 1b; Parker & ), and you can signifies a layer sandstone deposited by recurrent flow inside the good higher sinuosity river channel (Johns, 1988 ). PFV 297 and you can PFV 414 are present somewhat high on succession than just PFV 231 (Parker & ).